We’ve all had days where we just want to shut out the world and stay in bed all day. But the moment days like that become an everyday thing, it means there’s a serious problem that needs immediate attention. People are more empathetic and show support to medical problems that are terminal; and that’s why people suffering from depression and other mental health related diseases are more likely to commit suicide than people diagnosed with cancer.
Helpguide.org defines depression as:
“Depression is a common and debilitating mood disorder. More than just sadness in response to life’s struggles and setbacks, depression changes how you think, feel, and function in daily activities. It can interfere with your ability to work, study, eat, sleep, and enjoy life. The feelings of helplessness, hopelessness, and worthlessness can be intense and unrelenting, with little, if any, relief.”
What are the types of depression?
- Major Depressive Disorder: You may have this form of depression if you’re depressed on most days during the week. Symptoms include weight gain or loss, suicidal thoughts, loss of interest in everyday activities, insomnia, tiredness, feeling worthless, restlessness, low physical and mental energy, and trouble concentrating.
- Persistent Depressive Disorder: This form of depression lasts for two years or longer. Doctors may recommend psychotherapy or a form of therapy that uses magnets to stimulate certain parts of the brain when medication isn’t working. Symptoms include loss of appetite or overeating, fatigue, hopelessness, low self-esteem, and loss of interest in daily activity.
- Maniac Depression: People with bipolar disorder often suffer from this kind of depression where there are extreme highs and extreme lows. During the low periods, symptoms of this type of depression are similar to that of Major Depressive Disorder. Psychotherapy is often recommended for patients and their families.
- Seasonal Affective Disorder: This is a type of Major Depressive Disorder influenced by the environment; e.g. during winter time when there are shorter days with less daylight. It typically goes away once the period is over. Antidepressants and light therapy are used to treat this type of depression.
- Psychotic Depression: This is a severe form of Major Depressive Disorder along with exhibitions of psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions, and paranoia. It may require a short hospital stay.
- Post-partum Depression: Often affects women following childbirth. Symptoms include: mood swings, difficulty bonding with baby, drastic changes in behaviour and thoughts.
- Situational Depression: Also called Stress Response Syndrome; it occurs when you’re suffering from loss or stressful events in your life.
- Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder: This occurs 7 to 10 days before a woman’s period. Symptoms include mood swings, irritability, anxiety, anxiety etc.
Don’t perform self-diagnosis tests, google, or take depression tests online. The best way to treat depression is to seek medical help. The doctor will ask questions about when the symptoms started, how long they last, history with drugs and alcohol, and other related questions to properly diagnose and prescribe the right treatment.