The seven wonders of the ancient world were a collection of architectural and sculptural marvel located in the Eastern Mediterranean. The classic list was curated by ancient Greek philosophers who chose the number seven to mark the perfection and totality of the works. They are as follows.
Colossus of Rhodes
A statue of the Greek sun-god Helios, erected in the city of Rhodes by Greek sculptor, Chares of Lindos in 280 BC. According to references, the statue stood at 108 ft. It was constructed to mark the victory of Rhodes over Antigonus I Monophthalmus, the ruler of Cyprus; but it was destroyed 54 years later in 226 BC during an earthquake.
Great Pyramid of Giza
This is the oldest and only survivor of the seven wonders of the ancient world. It’s believed to have been originally built as a tomb over a period of one to two decades. It stands at 455 ft with a base of 756 ft; it was the tallest man-made structure for more than 3,800 years before the emergence of the Lincoln Cathedral. The pyramid is located on the outskirts of Cairo.
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
It’s believed to have been built by King Nebuchadnezzar for his wife, Queen Amytis. The garden was an ascending series of tiered garden and luscious vegetation, which resembled a large mountain. Although the location has not been definitively established due to the belief that It’s mythological, experts say it was located in the ancient city of Babylon, which is present-day Hillah, in Iraq.
Lighthouse of Alexandria
It was built by the Ptolemaic Kingdom, during the reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphus between 280 and 247 BC. The tower, which is square at the base, octagonal in the middle, and cylindrical at the bottom, stood at 330 ft. It was the third longest surviving ancient wonder before it was damaged by three earthquakes between 956 and 132 AD. It was located in Pharos, Alexandria, Egypt.
Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
This was a tomb built for Mausolus, a governor in the Persian empire between 353 and 350 BC. It was approximately 148 ft in height and located at Halicarnassus, which is present-day Bodrum, Turkey, before its destruction by multiple earthquakes from the 12th to 15th century. The four sides were adored by sculptural reliefs by four Greek sculptors.
Statue of Zeus at Olympia
It was an enormous sculpture of Zeus which stood at 43 ft and featured a throne ornamented with precious stones. It was created by Greek sculptor Phidias around 435 BC and was erected in Olympia, Greece. It was destroyed in 5th century AD when the Temple of Zeus was lost to a massive fire.
Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
Its location can be traced to the present-day town of Selçuk in Turkey. The temple was rebuilt three times; it was the final version that made the seven wonders of the ancient world list. Unfortunately, it was destroyed in 401 AD.